Em. Prof. C.V. (Vyvyan) Howard is a medically qualified pathologist/toxicologist affiliated with the University of Ulster.

Vyvyan Howard has authored several scientific articles in the field of health and the harmful impact of contaminated air. He has been particularly focused on health issues arising from fine and ultrafine particles for many years, including their effects on unborn children.

Aerotoxic Syndrome has also received his special attention for many years. He was one of the authors, along with Dr. Susan Michaelis, affiliated with GCAQE, of a WHO report that garnered international attention when it was published in June 2017, titled “Aerotoxic Syndrome: a new occupational disease?

In June 2017, he, along with Susan Michelis and others, published an article in the Open Access Journal of Toxicology titled “The Aetiology of ‘Aerotoxic Syndrome’ – A Toxico-Pathological Viewpoint.

In 2018, he, along with Dr. Susan Michaelis and others, published the results of their research on the influence of Ultrafine Particles titled “Is a Cumulative Exposure to a Background Aerosol of Nanoparticles Part of the Causal Mechanism of Aerotoxic Syndrome?

Inappropriate Risk Assessment

In February 2020, he published another interesting article titled “Inappropriate Use of Risk Assessment in Addressing Health Hazards Posed by Civil Aircraft Cabin Air.” In this important article, he explains how the aviation industry and colleagues have mishandled the risks associated with inhaling contaminated Bleed Air for decades.

Finally, in August 2021, Prof. Howard, along with Dr. Susan Michaelis and former Captain Tristan Loraine, both affiliated with QCAQE, published the results of their research, in which they conducted measurements of Ultrafine Particles (UFPs) on board short-haul commercial passenger jet aircraft, titled “Ultrafine particle levels measured on board short-haul commercial passenger jet aircraft.